Women in Development event at XIII Ministerial UNCTAD conference
Mary Robinson, President of the Foundation, attended Women in Development today 23 April as part of the XIII Ministerial UNCTAD conference in Doha, Qatar. The purpose of the Women in Development event is to raise awareness of the gender issue and to yield new insights into the relationship between macro-economic policies, development and gender.
The event was organised due to a growing recognition among policymakers in both developed and developing countries that high and persistent levels of gender inequality pose not only a moral challenge but also can be a source of economic instability and a drag on growth. Socio-economic development and women’s empowerment are closely related. Development is in itself a driver of gender equality and a tool for women’s empowerment. However, it is not a sufficient tool. Policy action is needed to achieve gender equality and empower women.
Mrs Robinson participated in the panel discussion Agriculture, Intellectual property, Food security and Gender highlighting the principles of climate justice which guide the work of the Foundation and are particularly relevant to these discussions: respect and protect human rights, support the right to development, share benefits and burdens equitably, highlight gender equality and equity.
The agriculture sector is crucially important to women and according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), women produce more than 50 per cent of the food grown worldwide. In developing countries, they comprise on average 43 per cent of the agricultural labour force.
In advocating for a climate justice approach to the discussions, Mrs Robinson said “climate change affects food and nutrition security and undermines efforts to reduce hunger and protect and promote nutrition. Furthermore, under-nutrition undermines the coping mechanisms of vulnerable populations and reduces their capacity to resist and adapt to the consequences of climate change. Integrating the gender dimension into nutrition and agriculture policies is a critical step to ensuring improved food and nutrition security.
"It is also important to remember other inter-related issues such as water, energy, land use, biodiversity, health and education. Poor and vulnerable women smallholder farmers don’t think in silos. They struggle to achieve their basic human rights and we should bear this in mind when discussing these issues”.
Happening alongside the official COP20, the main opportunity for nations to negotiate reductions in carbon emissions before a definitive commitment in Paris in 2015, Development and Climate days was small in scale but big in ambition.
Climate justice requires solidarity between nations. The law can help promote change, but it is up to us all to acknowledge our responsibilities
Climate Action Outside the Negotiations Not Reflected Inside the Negotiations
Climate change adaptation, resilience and human mobility were the focus of the discussion at a side event called “Voices from the Climate Frontlines” moderated by Mary Robinson on 11 December at COP20/CMP10 in Lima.
To accelerate climate action and mark the role all actors play in combating climate change, today, 11th December, the Peruvian Government launched “Lima Climate Action Day” with a series of multi-stakeholder activities and declarations at COP20/CMP10.